1. Toshiko Akiyoshi
  2. Geri Allen
  3. Andrews Sisters
  4. Angela Andrews
  5. Lil Harden Armstrong
  6. Dorothy Ashby
  7. Pearl Bailey
  8. Beverly Barkley
  9. Karen Briggs
  10. Ruth Brown
  11. Diane Cameron
  12. Betty Carter
  13. Joan Cartwright
  14. Kim Clarke
  15. Gloria Coleman
  16. Alice Coltrane
  17. Dorothy Donegan
  18. Ella Fitzgerald
  19. Rita Graham
  20. Jace Harnage
  21. Billie Holiday
  22. Bertha Hope
  23. Shirley Horn
  24. Lena Horne
  25. Alberta Hunter
  26. Jus' Cynthia
  27. Sandra Kaye
  28. Emme Kemp
  29. Vinnie Knight
  30. Lavelle
  31. Peggy Lee
  32. Abbey Lincoln
  33. Melba Liston
  34. Gloria Lynne
  35. Tania Maria
  36. Marian McPartland
  37. Carmen McRae
  38. Mabel Mercer
  39. M'zuri
  40. Sandy Patton
  41. Trudy Pitts
  42. Cheryl Porter
  43. Shirley Scott
  44. Nina Simone
  45. Bessie Smith
  46. Carol Sudhalter
  47. Sarah Vaughn
  48. Dinah Washington
  49. Ethel Waters
  50. Mary Lou Williams


Alberta Hunter  was born in Memphis, TN, on April 1, 1895 and died on October 17, 1984). She was a celebrated jazz singer,  songwriter and nurse. Her career  started in the early 1920s, and she became a successful Jazz recording artist. She was a colleague of Ethel Waters and Bessie Smith.

She left home, in her teens and settled in Chicago, where hounded club owners by night, determined to land a singing job. Her persistence paid off and Alberta began a climb through some of the city's lowest dives to a headlining job at its most elegant night spot, the Dreamland Café. Her career flourished as both singer and writer ("Handy Man"), in the 1920s and 1930s, and she appeared in clubs and on stage in musicals in both New York and London.

In 1928, Hunter played Queenie in the first London production of Show Boat  at Drury Lane. She was active as a volunteer during World War II. Following the war, her career lost momentum. By the early 1950s, the death of her mother and career frustrations caused Hunter to abandon the music industry. She prudently reduced her age, "invented" a high school diploma, and enrolled in nursing school, embarking on what was apparently a highly fulfilling career in health care.

She was working at New York's Goldwater Memorial Hospital, in 1961, when record producer Chris Albertson asked her to break an 11-year absence from the recording studio. The result was her recording of four songs on a Prestige Bluesville Records album entitled "Songs We Taught Your Mother." The following month, Albertson recorded her for the Riverside label, reuniting her with Lil Armstrong and Lovie Austin, with whom she had performed in the 1920s. Hunter had no plans to return to singing. She was prepared to devote the rest of her life to nursing, but the hospital retired her in 1977. She was over 80.

Alberta Hunter resumed her singing career, because she "never felt better." In 1978, at the suggestion of Charles Bourgeois, restaurateur Barney Josephson offered Hunter a limited engagement at his Greenwich Village club, The Cookery, where a two-week gig proved a smash when people started flocking into The Cookery and the comeback garnered generous media attention. Two weeks stretched into an open-ended engagement that made Alberta Hunter a star reborn and a fixture of New York nightlife.

Impressed with the attention paid her by the press, John Hammond signed Alberta Hunter to Columbia Records. He had not previously shown interest in Hunter, but he had been a close associate of Barney Josephson decades earlier, when the latter ran the historic Café Society Uptown and Downtown clubs. Her Columbia albums, "The Glory of Alberta Hunter," "Amtrak Blues," and "Look For the Silver Lining", did not do as well as expected, but sales were healthy. There were also numerous television appearances, including a memorable appearance on To Tell The Truth (in which panelist Kitty Carlisle had to recuse herself, the two having known each other in Hunter's heyday).

There was also a walk-on in "Remember My Name", a film for which director Robert Altman commissioned her to write music. As capacity audiences continued to fill The Cookery nightly, concert offers came from Brazil to Berlin, and there was an invitation for her to sing at the Carter White House. At first, she turned it down, because, she explained, "they wanted me there on my day off," but the White House amended its schedule to suit the veteran artist.

During that time, there was also a visit from First Lady turned book editor, Jackie Onassis who wanted to sign her up for an autobiography. Unhappy with the co-author assigned to the project (a chatty, overly religious former Miss America), the book was eventually done for another publisher, with the help of writer Frank Taylor.

The comeback lasted six years, and Alberta Hunter took it all in stride; she toured in Europe and South America, made more television appearances and enjoyed her renewed recording career as well as the fact that record catalogs contained her old recordings, going back to her 1921 debut on the Black Star label. Dressed in her trademark fringed shawls and sporting vast dangling earrings, she performed with a combination of sophistication and sly bawdiness that charmed audiences, some less than a quarter of her age. She continued to perform with zest and wit until shortly before her death on October 17, 1984.

Alberta Hunter's life is well documented in

  • her book, "Alberta Hunter: A Celebration in Blues,"

  • many recordings

  • the filmed documentary, "My Castle's Rockin'"

  • the Jazz Masters Series DVD

  • Cookin' in the Cookery,  a remarkable biographical musical by Marion J. Caffey that has toured the country in recent years.